Updated: Aug 10
The oldest civilization in Europe.
Bulgaria is known as one of the oldest civilizations in Europe. Its rich history dates back to ancient times, making it a fascinating destination for history enthusiasts. The country is located in southeastern Europe and has a diverse cultural heritage that reflects its position at the crossroads between Europe, Asia, and the Middle East.
One of the notable ancient civilizations in Bulgaria is the Thracians, who inhabited the region as early as the 6th century BC. The Thracians left behind impressive archaeological sites such as the Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak and the Thracian Sanctuary of Tatul. These sites provide valuable insights into the customs, beliefs, and artistic skills of the Thracians.
Another important civilization in Bulgaria's history is the Roman Empire. The Romans conquered the region in the 1st century BC and established several cities, including the capital of the Roman province Moesia, which is known today as Sofia. Roman ruins can still be seen in many parts of the country, such as the ancient city of Philippopolis (Plovdiv) and the Roman amphitheater in the coastal city of Varna.
During the Middle Ages, Bulgaria was the center of the powerful First Bulgarian Empire, which existed from the 7th to the 11th centuries AD. The empire left a lasting impact on Bulgarian culture and produced remarkable architectural masterpieces like the Rila Monastery, a UNESCO World Heritage site known for its exquisite frescoes.
In addition to these ancient civilizations, Bulgaria has a rich folklore tradition that includes vibrant traditional music, dance, and costumes. The country is also known for its stunning natural beauty, with diverse landscapes ranging from the majestic Balkan Mountains to the picturesque Black Sea coastline.
Overall, Bulgaria's status as one of the oldest civilizations in Europe makes it a captivating destination for history buffs and travelers seeking to explore the ancient roots of European culture.